Claudio Monteverdi was the bridge between the Renaissance and the Baroque style of music. A progressive and innovative composer he is credited with being the first composer of opera.
Born: Cremona, Italy 15 May 1567
Father: Baldassare Monteverdi a chemist - barber-surgeon
Mother: Maddalena Zignani, a goldsmith's daughter (died 1576)
Step-mother: Giovanna Gadio
Siblings: two by Maddalena and three half-siblings by Giovanna
Wife: Claudia de Cattaneis, singer
Children: Francesco, Leonora, Massimiliano (also another daughter who died at birth)
Died: Venice, 29 November 1643
Genres: operas, madrigals, masses, sacred music
- Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria
- L'incoronazione di Poppea
- Il ballo delle ingrate
- Tirsi e Clori
- Volgendo il ciel
- approx 220 works including. 9 books of madrigals
- Lamento d′Arianna
- Scherzi musicali, 2 books
- 3 masses
- 2 Magnificats
- Madrigali spirituali
- about 140 other works
- The end of all good music is to affect the soul
- The modern composer builds upon the foundation of truth.
- "Music is spiritual. The music business is not."
- Early years: Father encouraged his love of music. Studied music at the Cremona Cathedral where he was a choirboy. First vocal works published while still in his teens. Studied also at the University of Cremona.
- Age 20: First of his nine books of madrigals published.
- Age 24: Worked as a string musician at the court of the Gonzagas, dukes of Mantua.
- Age 32: Married.
- Age 35: Promoted to musical director (maestro di Capella)
- Age 40: Performance of his first opera "Orfeo". His wife died.
- Age 41: His second opera "Arianna" performed with great success.
- Age 43: "Vespers" published.
- Age 45: Duke Vincenzo I died. The following year Duke Ferdinand terminated his contract,
- Age 46: Appointed director of music at the basilica of San Marco, Venice one of the most prestigious posts in Italy, a position he held until he died.
- Age 65: Entered the priesthood.
- Age 76: Died.
The Monteverdi Foundation
The Full Monteverdi - A musical romantic drama inspired by Monteverdi's fourth book of madrigals.
Find -a Grave
Italian Composers - more profiles here at 52composers