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Claudio MONTEVERDI
15 May 1567 - 29 November 1643 (age 76)

Claudio Monteverdi was the bridge between the Renaissance and the Baroque style of music. A progressive and innovative composer he is credited with being the first composer of opera.
He is certainly one of the most influential personalities in the history of music.

Family

Works

Career

Quotes

Links

portrait of Monteverdi

Family

Born: Cremona, Italy 15 May 1567
Father: Baldassare Monteverdi a chemist - barber-surgeon
Mother: Maddalena Zignani, a goldsmith's daughter (died 1576)
Step-mother: Giovanna Gadio
Siblings: two by Maddalena and three half-siblings by Giovanna
Wife: Claudia de Cattaneis, singer
Children: Francesco, Leonora, Massimiliano (also another daughter who died at birth) 
Died: Venice, 29 November 1643



Works

Style/period: Baroque
Output: considerable
Genres: operas, madrigals, masses, sacred music

Operas


- L'Orfeo
- Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria
- L'incoronazione di Poppea
Ballets:
- Il ballo delle ingrate 
- Tirsi e Clori
- Volgendo il ciel
Secular music
- approx 220 works including. 9 books of madrigals
- Lamento d′Arianna
- canzonettas
- Scherzi musicali, 2 books
Sacred music
- Vespers 
- 3 masses
- 2 Magnificats
- Madrigali spirituali 
- about 140 other works


Quotes

- “The end of all good music is to affect the soul”

- “The modern composer builds upon the foundation of truth.”

- "Music is spiritual. The music business is not."


Career

- Early years: Father encouraged his love of music. Studied music at the Cremona Cathedral where he was a choirboy. First vocal works published while still in his teens. Studied also at the University of Cremona.
- Age 20: First of his nine books of madrigals published.
- Age 24: Worked as a string musician at the court of the Gonzagas, dukes of Mantua.
- Age 32: Married.
- Age 35: Promoted to musical director (maestro di Capella)
- Age 40: Performance of his first opera "Orfeo". His wife died.
- Age 41: His second opera "Arianna" performed with great success.
- Age 43: "Vespers" published.
- Age 45: Duke Vincenzo I died. The following year Duke Ferdinand terminated his contract,
- Age 46: Appointed director of music at the basilica of San Marco, Venice one of the most prestigious posts in Italy, a position he held until he died.
- Age 65: Entered the priesthood.
- Age 76: Died.


L'Orfeo


Incoronazione di Poppea - Finale


Damigella tutta bella


Il combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda


Lamento della Ninfa 
(Le Pont des Arts)


Links - and where to go for more information

Answers.com
www.answers.com/topic/claudio-monteverdi

Last fm

Britannica

The Monteverdi Foundation
www.fondazionemonteverdi.it

The Full Monteverdi - A musical romantic drama inspired by Monteverdi's fourth book of madrigals.
thefullmonteverdi.wordpress.com

Find -a Grave
www.findagrave.com

Italian Composers - more profiles here at 52composers
www.52composers.com/italian-composers.html

More Baroque composers



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